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Sunday, December 30, 2007

Dinosaur: Dilophosaurus

-Dilophosaurus was a theropod dinosaur from the Early Jurassic
Period
-the name is (pronounced /daɪˌlɒfəˈsɔrəs/ ("dy-LOH-fo-sawr-us") meaning 'two-crested
lizard', because it had two crests (Greek di meaning 'two', lophos meaning 'crest'
and sauros meaning 'lizard')
-the first specimens were described in 1954, but it was not until a decade later
that the genus received its current name
- Dilophosaurus have appeared several times in popular culture, most
prominently as the creature that eats Dennis Nedry in Jurassic Park
-the creatures have also appeared in novels such as Carnosaur and numerous video
games; the interpretations of Dilophosaurus in these adaptations are
usually erroneous

-for more informaton, go to:Dilophosaurus

Friday, December 28, 2007

Thylacine-one of the famous extinct animal


-Thylacine (Thylacinus cynocephalus, pronounced /ˈθaɪləsaɪn/)was the largest
known carnivorous marsupial of modern times
-native to Australia and New Guinea, it is thought to have become extinct in the 20th
century
-it is commonly known as the Tasmanian Tiger (due to its striped
back), the Tasmanian Wolf, and colloquially the
Tassie(or Tazzy)Tiger or simply the Tiger
-it was the last extanct member of its genus, Thylacinus, although a number
of related species have been found in the fossil record dating back to the early
Miocene

-for more information, go to:Thylacine

Thursday, December 27, 2007

Black Hole-owner of powerful gravitational field

-is a region of space i which the gravitational field is so powerful that nothing
can escape after having fallen past the event horizon
-the name comes from the fact that even electromagnetic radiation (e.g. light) is
unable to escape, rendering the interior invisible
-black holes can be detected if they interact with matter outside the event horizon,
for example by drawing in gas from an orbiting star
-gas spirals inward, heating up to very high temperatures and emitting large
amounts of radiation in the process

Wednesday, December 26, 2007

Cryptobotany:Man-eating tree-Madagascar carnivorous plants and Umbdhlebi-not found since first reported

Man-Eating Tree
-Man-eating tree can refer to any of various legendary carnivorous plants that are
large enough to kill and consume a person or other large animal
-no such plant is known to exist, though a variety of unconfirmed reports have been
recorded
-presently, the carnivorous plant with the largest known traps is probably Nepenthes
rajah, which produces pitchers up to 35 cm (14 inches) in height and will sometimes
consume small mammals

Umbdhlebi
-Umdhlebi is an unverified plant species purported to originate in Zululand, South
Africa. It was first reported in the journal Nature on November 2, 1882 by Reverend
G. W. Parker, a missionary in South Africa, who said the plant was poisonous.
-according to Parker, Zulus sacrificed sheep and goats to the tree to calm the evil
spirit
-as of July 18, 2007, no specimen of the Umdhlebi has ever been recovered, and other
than 19th century anecdotal evidence no further verification is known to exist
-the Umdhlebi is described as having large, fragile green leaves, and two layers of
bark - a dead outer layer that hung off the tree, and a new living layer that grew
beneath it
-the fruit of the tree was reported to be red and black, and to hang from branches
like small poles

Tuesday, December 25, 2007

Unicorn-the legendary weird horse

-from Latin unus 'one' and cornu 'horn'
-is a legendary creature
-the modern popular image of the unicorn is sometimes that of a horse differing only
in the horn on its forehead
-the traditional unicorn has a billy-goat beard, a lion's tail, and a cloven hooves - these distinguish it from a horse
-Marianna Mayer has observed (The Unicorn and the Lake), "The unicorn is
the only fabulous beast that does not seem to have been conceived out of human
fears.In evens the earliest references he is fierce yet good, selfless yet solitary,
but always mysteriously beautiful. He could be captured only by unfair means, and
his single horn was said neutralize poison"

Monday, December 24, 2007

Griffin-the powerful and majestic creature


-aka gryffon or gryphon (from Old French grifon)
-is a legendary creature with the body of a lion and the head and wings of an eagle
-as the lion was traditonally considered the king of the beasts and the eagle the
king of the birds, the griffin was thought to be an especially powerful and
majestic creature
-in atiquity it was a symbol of divine power and guardian of the divine

Sunday, December 23, 2007

Cat-fox-Indonesian mystery mammal

-is a potential new species of carnivore recently discovered on the Indonesian part
of the island of Borneo
-first discovered by Swiss-based environmental group WWF in 2003, using a night-tie
camera trap in Kayan Mentarang National Park
-the mammal is slighly larger than a cat, with red fur, a long tail, and hind legs
that are longer than front legs
-its overall appeareance is something between a cat and a fox
-in some ways it resembles the Fossa (Cryptoprocta ferox)of Madagascar

Thursday, December 20, 2007

Jersey Devil a.k.a Leeds Devil

-sometimes called the Leeds Devil
-is a legendary creature or said to inhabit the Pine Barrens in southern New Jersey
-the creatures is often described as a flying biped with hooves, but there are many
variations
-there are many possible origins of the Jersey Devil legend, though it has no basis
in Native American folklore, and is thought to be a creative manifestation of the
English settlers
-the aptly named Pine Barrens were shunned by most early settlers as a desolate,
threatening place
-being relatively isolated, the barrens were a natural refuge for those wanting to
remain hidden, including religious dissenters, loyalists, fugitives and military
deserters in colonial times. Such individuals formed solitary groups and were
pejoratively called "pineys", some of whom became notorious bandits known as "pine
robbers
-pineys were further demonized after two early twentieth century eugenics studies
depicted them as congenital idiots and criminals. It is easy to imagine early tales
of terrible monsters arising from a combination of sightings of genuine animals
such as bears, the activities of pineys, and fear of the barrens
-outdoorsman and author Tom Brown Jr spent several seasons living in the wilderness
of the Pine Barrens. He recounts occasions when terrified hikers mistook him for
the Jersey Devil, after he covered his whole body with mud to repel mosquitoes
-not surprisingly, the Jersey Devil legend is fueled by the various testimonials of
those who believed to have encountered the creature, from precolonial times to the
present day, as there are still reported sightings within the New Jersey area

Tuesday, December 18, 2007

Mothman-a strange, winged, flying man

-the name given to a being creature reported in the Charleston ant Point Pleasant
areas of West Virginia between November 12, 1966, near Clendenin, and December, 1967
-the creature was sporadically reported to be seen concurrent with those dates, with
some sightings near Sewell Mt. as recent as September of 2007
-most observe s describe the Mothman as a winged man-sized creature with large
reflective red eyes and large moth-like wings
-the creature often appeared to have no head, with its eyes set into its chest
-a number of hypotheses have been presented to explain eyewitness accounts, ranging
from misidentification and coincidence, to paranormal phenomena and conspiracy
theories

Monday, December 17, 2007

Crop Circle-are aliens made the crop circles?

-is a term used to describe patterns created by the flattening of crops such as
wheat, barley, canola, rye, corn, linseed and soy
-examples can be found world wide
-various hypotheses have been offered to explain their formation, ranging from the
naturalistic to the paranormal
-Naturalistic explanations include man-made hoaxes or geological anomalies, while
paranormal explanations include formation by UFOs
-many circles are known to be man-made,such as those created by Doug Bower, Dave
Chorley, and John Lundberg
-and a 2000 study into circle hoaxing concluded that 80 percent of UK circles were
definitely man-made
-Bower and Chorley were awarded an igNobel Prize in 1992 for their crop circle
hoaxing

Sunday, December 16, 2007

Ahool-Java's giant bat

-is a flying cryptid
-supposedly a giant bat or by other accounts, a living pterosaur
-there is no objective evidence that it exists as claimed
-it is not well documented, and little reliable information
-and in this case, no material evidence-exists
-named its for its distictive call A-hool (other sources render it ahOOO000
l)
-it is said to live in the deepest rainforests of Java
-descibed as having a monkey/ape-like head with large dark eyes, large claws pn its
forearms (approximately the size of infant), and a body covered in gray fur
-the most intriguing and astounding feature is that it is said to have a wingspan of
3m (10ft)
-almost twice as long as the largest (known) bat in the world. the common flying fox

Saturday, December 15, 2007

Mokèlé-mbèmbé-Congo River cryptid

-the name given to a large creature reported to live in the lakes and swamps of the Congo River
basin
-the term "Mokèlé-mbèmbé" comes from the Lingala language
-can be roughly translated as "one from stops the flow of rivers".(Clark, 261)
-the creature's very existence and identification have long been debated between mainstream scientists, local Pygmies, creationists and cryptozoologists
- Most controversially, it has been suggested that the creature might be a relict sauropod which somehow survived extinction
-This idea has seen very little attention or support from scientists, who tend to argue that the creature can be best explained as some combination of fraud, folklore and misidentification of other animals
-for more information, go to: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mokele_mbembe

Friday, December 14, 2007

Skunk Ape-stink hominid

-hominid cryptid

-inhabit the Southeastern United States, from places such as:


  • Oklahoma

  • North Carolina

  • Arkansas

  • Illinois

  • Florida Everglades

-it is named for its appearance and for that unpleasant odor

-according to the United States National Park Service, the skunk ape exists only as a local myth

-reports of the Skunk ape were particularily common in the 1960s and 1970s

-particular cases of sightings of skunk apes include "Knobby" and the "Fouke Monster"

-for more information, go to: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Skunk_Ape





Wednesday, December 12, 2007

Shunka Warak'in-American famous beast

-is an American beast
-is said to resemble a wolf, a hyena or both
-the first discussion and description of this cryptid by Loren Coleman in his columns and articles
throughout the 1980s, especially as formally recorded in Cryptozoology A to Z
-it was reported from the Great Plains during pioneer days, by both white setllers and Native
American tribes
-the sightings have become much less common in th last century, causing most supporters to
suggest the animal is now extinct
-for more information, go to: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shunka_warakin

The Bloop-Underwater ultra-low freaquency

-is the name given to an ultra-low frequency underwater sound detected by the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration several times during the summer of 1997
-The source of the sound remains unknown.
-for more information, go to: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bloop

Saturday, December 08, 2007

Cryptids Universe: Chupacabra-animal vampire

Cryptids Universe: Chupacabra-animal vampire

Champ-monster of Lake Champlain

-the name is given to a reputed lake monster living in Lake Champlain
-authorities regard Champ as legend
-state government of Vermont has put Champ on its Endangered Species List, so that if such an
animal does exist, it would be protected by law
-reportedly can be seen in a video taken by fishermen Dick Affolter and his stepson Pete
Bodette in the summer of 2005
-in the video, something appears under the water near the fisherman's boat
-although two retired FBI forensic image analysts, who reviewed the tape, said it appears
authentic and unmanipulated, one of them added that "there's no place in there that I can
actually see an animal or any other object on the surface"
-one piece of inconclusive data is the recording of what seems to be echolocation from within the
lake by the Fauna Communications Research Institute in 2003, working as part of a Discovery
Channel program
-the group concluded that the sounds they recorded are similar to that of a Beluga Whale or
perhaps an Orca, although no dolphin or whale species is known to live in the lake
-for more information, go to: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Champ

Friday, December 07, 2007

Greys-Roswell aliens

-also known as Roswell aliens, Zetas and Reticulians
-alleged aliens or extraterrestrial life forms that appear in modern UFO conspiracy theories and
other UFO-related paranormal phenomena
-said to be one of several species of aliens, greys make up approximately 75 percent of all aliens
reported in the United States, 29 percent of all aliens reported in Continental Europe, and 12
percent of all aliens reported inGreat Britain
-in American popular culture they have replaced little green men as the most typical
extraterrestrials life form
-for more information, go to: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greys

Bunyip-mythical creature from Australian folklore

-usually translated as "devil" or "spirit"
- a mythical creature from Australian folklore
-various accounts and explanations of bunyips have been given across Australia since the early
days of the colonies
-it has also been identified as an animal recorded in Aboriginal mythology, similar to known
extinct animals
-descriptions of bunyips very wildly, it is usually given as a sort of lake monster, common
features in Aboriginal drawings include a horse-like tail, flippers, and walrus-like tusks or
horns
-At night their blood-curdling cries can be heard as they devour any animal that ventures near
their abodes
-for more information, go to:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bunyip

Dragon-the worldwide legend

-mythical creature typically depicted as a gigantic and powerfl serpent or other reptile with
magical or spiritual qualities
-9 dragons from Asia include:

  • Naga or Nogo- Indonesian dragon
  • Lóng (or Loong ,"Lung" )- Chinese dragon
  • Ryū- Japanese dragon
  • Bakonawa- Philipines dragon
  • Yong, Yo, Kyo- Korean dragon
  • Rồng or Long- Vietnamese dragon
  • Yilbegan- Siberian dragon

-13 dragons from Europe include:

  • Scultone-Sardinian dragon
  • Lindworm- Scandinavian & Germanic dragons
  • Zomok, sárkánykígyó & sárkány- Hungarian dragons (Sárkányok)
  • Zmey, Zmiy, żmij, змей, or zmaj, or drak, or smok-Slavic dragons
  • Balaur-Romanian dragons
  • Vere Celen- Chuvash dragons
  • Cuélebre- Asturian dragons
  • Coca- Portugese dragons
  • Zilant- Tatar dragons
  • Ejderha or Evren- Turkish dragons

-5 dragons from America

  • Feathered Serpent or Quetzalcoatl-Meso-American dragon
  • Amaru-Inca dragon
  • Boi-tata- Brazilian dragon
  • Caicaivilu & Tentenvilu- Chilean dragon

-for more information, go to: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dragons

Tuesday, December 04, 2007

Thunderbird-biggest bird ever seen

-is a term used in cryptozoology to describe as large, bird-like creatures, generally identified
with the Thunderbird of Native American myth and folklore
-similar cryptids reported in the Old World are often called Rocs
-although Rocs are generally regarded as being eagles like the gigantic Haast eagle of New
Zealand, which would have been dismissed as myth if it not for focils evidence, thunderbirds,
on the other hand, are regarded by a small number of researchers as having lizard features like
the pterosaurs and pteranodon
-as most people assume these creatures did not survive from the time of dinosaurs, they are
generally regarded by most people as mythological
-for more information go to: Thunderbird (cryptozoology)

Sunday, December 02, 2007

Yeti-Abominable Snowman

-is an apelike cryptid said to inhabit the Himalaya region of Nepal and Tibet
-the names Yeti and Meh-Teh are commonly used by the people indigenous to the region
-part of their history and mythology
-Nepalese have various names for Yeti like "Bonmanche" which means "wild man" or
"Kanchanjunga rachyyas" which means "Kanchanjunga demon"
-most mainstream scientists, explorers and writers consider current evidence of the Yeti's
existence to be weak and better explained as hoax, legend or misidentification of known species
-yet it remains one of the most famous creatures of cryptozoology
-Yeti can be considered a Himalayan version of the Sasquatch or man-beast
-for more information, go to:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yeti

Friday, November 30, 2007

Megalodon-giant prehistoric shark

-Chacharodon megalodon (or Charcharocles megalodon)
-was a giant prehistoric shark that probably lived between about 20 to 2 million years ago
-the biggest known carnivorous fish to have ever lived
-often widely referred to as "The Megalodon", or "Megatooth Shark"

There is some disagreement as to how megalodon should be classified in taxonomy.
-The older view (more favored by marine biologists) is that megalodon should be classified in the Carcharodon genus with the great white shark, though this has generated debate whether megalodon is a direct ancestor of the great white shark or whether the two species share a common ancestor
-Around 1923, the genus, Carcharocles, was proposed to classify the very similar shark Carcharodon auriculatus. Many paleontologists are now favouring Carcharocles for megalodon as well.[1] Carcharocles proponents give C. megalodon's likely ancestor as Otodus obliquus from the Eocene epoch, and the ancestor of the great white shark not megalodon but Isurus hastalis, the "broad tooth mako".

Thursday, November 29, 2007

UFO-Unidentified Flying Object

-any real or apparent flying object which cannot be identified by the observer
-which remains unidentified after investigation
-the term flying saucer is also sometimes used
-reports of unusual aerial phenomena date back to ancient times
-reports of UFO sightings started becoming more common after the first widely publicized USA
sighting in 1947
-many tens of thousands of UFO reports have since been made worldwide
-many sightings may remain unreported due to fear of public ridicule because of the social
stigma surrounding the subject of UFOs and because most nations lack any officially sanctioned
authority to receive and evaluate UFO reports
-once a UFO is identified as a known object (for example an aircraft or weather balloon), it
ceases to be classified as a UFO and is reclassified as an identified object
-for more information, go to:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ufo

Sunday, November 25, 2007

Flying Rods-a rather new entry in the cryptozoology

-to be creatures which flit about in the air at such a high speed as to not be seen by the naked
eye
-appear to be observational artifacts produced by rapidly flying animals
-all sightings of rods are based on video evidence, due to the propensity of video cameras to
produce characteristic stroboscopic artifacts when imaging rapidly flying animals, especially
insects, but also including birds
-their recent popularity seems to be a results of media exposure in television and tabloids
-Jose Escamilla, has appeared in numerous interviews and television "investigation"
-for more information, go to http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flying_rods

Friday, November 23, 2007

Waitoreke a.k.a Kaureke


-some consider the waitoreke an:
-otter
-a beaver
-a New Zealand fur seal
-a monotreme (like the platypus)
-and a echidnas
-is an otter/beaver-like cryptid said to live in New Zealand
-it is usually described as small otter-like animal that lives on the South Island of New Zealand
-there are many theories on the waitoreke's true identity, such as it beimg an otter, beaver or

pinniped
-for more information go to: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Waitoreke

Thursday, November 22, 2007

Kraken-legendary sea monster

-legendary sea monsters of gargantuan size
-said to have dwelled off the coasts of Norway and Iceland
-the sheer and fearsome appearance attributed to the beasts have made them common ocean -
dwelling monsters in various fictional works
(see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kraken_in_popular_culture)
-the legend may actually have originated from sightings of real giant squid that are estimated to
grow to 13 metres (46 ft)in length, including the tentacles
-normally live at great depths
-but have been sighted at the surface and reportedly have "attacked" small ships
-is the definite article form of krake, Scandinavian word designating an unhealthy animal or
something twisted
-in modern German, Krake (plural: Kraken) means octopus but can also refer to legendary
Kraken
-for more information, go to http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kraken

Wednesday, November 21, 2007

Giant Squid-is it fact or just mythical creatures

-giant squid are of the Architeuthidae family as many as 8 species of the genus Architeuthis
-can grow to a tremendous size: recent estimates put the maximum size at:
-13 metres (43 ft) for females
-10 metres (33 ft) for males from caudal fin to the tip of two long tentacles
-the mantle is only about 2 metres (7 ft) long (more for females, less for males)
-length of squid excluding its tentacles is about 5 metres (16 ft)
-on September 30, 2004, researchers from the National Science Museum Japan and
Ogasawara Whale Watching Association took the first images of a live giant squid in its
natural habitat
-several of the 556 photographs were released a year later
-the same team successfully filmed a live giant squid for the first time on December 4, 2006.
-for more information, go to http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giant_squid

Tuesday, November 20, 2007

Marozi-spotted lion

-variously claimed by zoologists and cryptozoologists to be a distinct race of lion adapted for a
montane rather than savannah-dwelling existence
-a rare natural hybrid of a leopard and lion, or an adult lion that retained its childhood spots
-it is believed to have been smaller than a lion but slightly larger size than a leopard and lacking
any distiguishable mane
-it has been reported in the wild and the skin of a specimen exists,but it has been yet to be
confirmed as either a separate species or subspecies, although Reginald Pocock and Belgian
cryptozoologists Dr Bernard Heuvelmans both proposed the subspecies name Panthera leo
maculatus for it (but this currently lacks any valid nomectural status)
-for more information, go to:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marozi

Monday, November 19, 2007

Sea serpent-a"friend"of ship and shore

-kind of sea monster either wholly or partly serpentine
-sightings have been reported for hundred years & recent work
by Bruce Champagne indicates have been 1,200 or more all told
-have been seen from both ship and shore & by multiple people
at once
-no credible evidence has been recorded
-currently believed that the serpents do not exist
-for more information, go tohttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sea_Serpent

Saturday, November 17, 2007

Loch Ness Monster-Scotland's great lake monster

-is a cryptid (Unidentified Mysterious Animal)
-claimed to inhabit Scotland's Loch Ness & most volumnious freshwater lake in Great Britain
-one of the best-known mysteries of cryptozoology
-belief in the legend persists around the world
-local people, and later many around the world, have affectionately referred to the animal by
the diminutive of Nessie (Scottish Gaelic:"Niseag")
-the explanation fall into 3 categories:
-misidentification of known animals
-unknown species
-paranormal creatures

Friday, November 16, 2007

Werewolf@lycanthropes

-also known as lycanthropes (mythological or folkloric people with the ability to shapeshift into
a wolf or wolflike creature by using magic or after beingplaced under a curse)
-medieval chronicler Gervase of Tilbury associated the transformation with the appearance the
full moon
-there is evidence that the association that associated existed among the Ancient
Greeks, appearing in the writings of Petronius
-the concept was rarely associated with the werewolf until the idea was picked up by fiction
writers.
for more information, go to:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Werewolf

Tuesday, November 13, 2007

Chupacabra-animal vampire



-chupar (Spanish):to suck cabra:goat =goat sucker



-cryptid said to inhabit parts of the Americas



-associated with the ancient myth of the chimera or griffin



-recently with sightings were first reported of an allegedly unknown animal in:


-Puerto Rico


-Mexico


-US (especially in the latter's Latin America communities)


-name come from the animal's reported habit of attacking and drinking the blood of livestock


(especially goats)


-been claimed as early as 1990 in Puerto Rico


-been reported as far north as Maine and as far south as Chile


-heavy, the size of small bear, with a row of spines reaching from the neck to the base tail


-Most biologists and wildlife management officials view the chupacabra as an urban legend.

Friday, November 09, 2007

Bigfoot-"wild man of the woods"

-also known as Sasquatch ("wild man of the woods") and Chiye-tanka at Lakota Indians
-an unrecognized large primate to inhabit remote forests
-mainly in the Pacific northwest region of the:
-US
-Canada
-large, hairy bipedal hominoid, similar as:
-Yeti of Tibet and Nepal
-Yeren of mainland China
-Yowie of Australia
-one of the famous of cryptozoology (a subject that the scientific classifies as pseudoscience
because of unreliable eyewitness accounts)
-Scientific experts on the matter consider the Bigfoot legend to be a combination of folklore and
hoaxes

Cadborosaurus Willsi a.k.a Caddy

-nicknamed "Caddy", is the name given to a sea serpent reported to be living on the Pacific
Coast of North America
-its name is derived from Cadboro Bay in Victoria, British Columbia, and the Greek root word
"sauros" meaning a lizard or reptile
-the animal is similar in form such as "Ogopogo" of deep interior lakes of British Columbia and to
the Loch Ness Monster of Scotland
-have been more than 300 claimed sightings during the past 200 years including:
-San Fransisco Bay, California
-Deep Cove in Saanich Inlet, B.C.
-"Caddy" is said to resemble a serpent with vertical coils or humps in tandem behind the horse-
like head and long neck, with a pair of small elevating front flippers, and a pair of large webbed
hind flippers fused to form a large fan-like tail region that provides powerful forward propulsion
-has been proposed that though a process of locomotory body transformation, the long slender
body can be doubled up into rigid vertical humps that effectively reduce the contact area of the
snakelike body surface with the water and enable the animal to attain speeds of more than
40 km/h at the surface
-for more information, go to :http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cadborosaurus

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